ADHD- the basics
About ADHD and common symptoms
ADHD stands for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is considered to be a type of mental disorder that commonly affects children. Even adults are affected with this disease. This disease is often identified among school children, causing problems with school work and disruption within the classroom. Boys are more affected with it, more than girls.
Symptoms & diagnosis
ADHD comes with several symptoms like not being in a position to stay focused all the time, taking hasty acts without prior thought and hyperactivity. Children suffering with this ailment are more noticeable when compared to adults.
There are different types of this disease namely, impulsive/hyperactive or the combined type and inattentive type. Diagnosis offered is mainly based upon the symptoms faced by the patient having occurred in the last 6 months.
Impulsive/Hyperactive type ADHD symptoms
· Not in a position to stay seated (at the workplace or the classroom)
· Squirms in seat, fidgets with or simply taps the feet or hands.
· Not able to undertake leisure activities or play quietly.
· Climb or run about at inappropriate places.
· Talks excessively.
· Always found to be ‘on the move’ like being driven by some motor.
· Intrudes or interrupts others (like cutting into conversations, activities or games or uses others items without asking permission). Adults may develop the habit to take over what the others have been doing.
· Faces difficulty in waiting for the turn to come like waiting in the queue.
· Blurts out answer prior to hearing the question properly or fully. Not able to wait until the other person completes the conversation.
Inattentive type ADHD symptoms
· Having problems in staying focused on assigned activities or tasks like long reading, conversations and lectures.
· Making careless mistakes when performing job or school related tasks or not paying the necessary attention to details.
· Not following instructions as given or competing job duties, chores or schoolwork. He/she might begin the tasks, but tend to lose focus quickly.
· Not listening properly when spoken to. Seems distracted and mind being somewhere else.
· Dislikes or avoids tasks requiring sustained mental effort like completing forms and preparation of reports.
· Facing problems when trying to organize work and tasks, like not managing time properly, misses out set deadlines, exhibits disorganized and messy work.
· Forgets easily daily tasks like running errands or doing chores. Adults may even forget to keep appointments, pay bills or return back calls.
· Gets distracted very easily.
· Loses things frequently necessary for daily life or tasks like keys, books, school papers, work related documents, eyeglasses, cell phone, wallet, etc.
No lab test has been conducted as of yet, to diagnose ADHD. Its diagnosis involves information collection from teachers, parents and others, filling up checklists, carrying out medical assessment including hearing and vision screening to rule out any other medical problem. Moreover, the symptoms may not be result of the individual being hostile, or defiant or not able to understand properly the given instructions or task.